Types of Organizations and Their Disclosure Requirements

Arizona law has different requirements for campaign contribution limits and sources of income, according to the type of organization that is reporting. The Secretary of State’s database classifies organizations as:

  • Political Parties,
  • Candidate Committees,
  • Political Action Committees, or
  • Independent Expenditure Organizations (IE) – including 501c4 organizations, LLCs and Unions.

 Independent Expenditure Organizations (IEs) are the only political finance organizations that are not required to report the source of their funds.

While technically all PACs and Political Parties report their contributors, dirty money is still present because PACs and political parties can accept contributions from Independent Expenditure organizations that do NOT have to report their contributors in Arizona. NOTE:  As of 9/21/18, if an IE organization is engaged in any Federal election activity, they have do report contributors to the FEC.

COMMITTEE TYPE

ARE CONTRIBUTORS REPORTED?

MAY RECEIVE CONTRIBUTIONS FROM IE COMMITTEES

Political Parties

Y

Y

Candidate Committees

Y

N

Political Action Committees (PACS)

Y

Y

Independent Expenditure (IE) Organizations:

N

Bottom line:

  • IE groups are always dirty money.  But, while some IE groups are formed specifically to funnel anonymous money into political campaigns, others are perfectly willing to report their donors and have even endorsed our efforts to outlaw dirty money. For more information seeThe GOOD, The BAD and the UGLY
  • PACs and Political party committees must report all contributors, but may receive contributions from IE groups.
  • Candidate committees have the most disclosure – all original source contributors must be reported.  No anonymous contributions permitted.